Homeschooling, also known as home education, is the education of children inside the home, while not attending a formal school. Homeschooling is usually managed by a parent or tutor. Many families use less formal ways of educating.
In many developed countries, homeschooling is a legal alternative to public and private schools.
On average, homeschoolers score at or above the national average on official tests, however critics of homeschooling claim that students lack necessary social skills, because they do not come into contact with other children as much as children in formal schools. Homeschool students have been accepted into many Ivy League universities.
Parents commonly cite two main motivations for homeschooling their children: dissatisfaction with the local schools and the interest in increased involvement with their children’s learning and development. Parental dissatisfaction with available schools typically includes concerns about the school environment, the quality of academic instruction, the curriculum, bullying, and lack of faith in the school’s ability to cater to their children’s special needs. Some parents homeschool in order to have greater control over what and how their children are taught, to cater more adequately to an individual child’s aptitudes and abilities, to provide instruction from a specific religious or moral position, and to take advantage of the efficiency of one-to-one instruction and thus allow the child to spend more time on childhood activities, socializing, and non-academic learning. Many parents are also influenced by alternative educational philosophies advocated by the likes of Susan Sutherland Isaacs, Charlotte Mason, John Holt, and Kenneth Robinson.